Gartner Top 10 Strategic Technology Trends For 2020 (2022)

Human augmentation conjures up visions of futuristic cyborgs, but humans have been augmenting parts of the body for hundreds of years. Glasses, hearing aids and prosthetics evolved into cochlear implants and wearables. Even laser eye surgery has become commonplace.

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But what if scientists could augment the brain to increase memory storage, or implant a chip to decode neural patterns? What if exoskeletons became a standard uniform for autoworkers, enabling them to lift superhuman weights? What if doctors could implant sensors to track how drugs travel inside a body?

Technology is now on the cusp of moving beyond augmentation that replaces a human capability and into augmentation that creates superhuman capabilities.

How these changes will impact the world and business makes human augmentation one of Gartner’s top 10 strategic technology trends that will drive significant disruption and opportunity over the next five to 10 years.

Download now: Gartner Top Strategic Technology Trends for 2021

The trends are structured around the idea of “people-centric smart spaces,” which means considering how these technologies will affect people (i.e., customers, employees) and the places that they live in (i.e., home, office, car).

“These trends have a profound impact on the people and the spaces they inhabit,” saysDavid Cearley, Gartner Distinguished VP Analyst, Gartner. “Rather than building a technology stack and then exploring the potential applications, organizations must consider the business and human context first.”

These trends don’t exist in isolation; IT leaders must decide what combination of the trends will drive the most innovation and strategy.

(Video) Gartner Top 10 Strategic Technology Trends for 2020

For example, artificial intelligence (AI) in the form of machine learning (ML) with hyperautomation and edge computing can be combined to enable highly integrated smart buildings and city spaces. In turn, these technology combinations enable further democratization of the technology.

Trend No 1. Hyperautomation

Automation uses technology to automate tasks that once required humans.

Hyperautomation deals with the application of advanced technologies, including artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML), to increasingly automate processes and augment humans. Hyperautomation extends across a range of tools that can be automated, but also refers to the sophistication of the automation (i.e., discover, analyze, design, automate, measure, monitor, reassess.)

“ Hyperautomation often results in the creation of a digital twin of the organization”

As no single tool can replace humans, hyperautomation today involves a combination of tools, including robotic process automation (RPA), intelligent business management software (iBPMS) and AI, with a goal of increasingly AI-driven decision making.

Although not the main goal, hyperautomation often results in the creation of a digital twin of the organization (DTO), allowing organizations to visualize how functions, processes and key performance indicators interact to drive value. The DTO then becomes an integral part of the hyperautomation process, providing real-time, continuous intelligence about the organization and driving significant business opportunities.

Trend No. 2: Multiexperience

Multiexperience replaces technology-literate people with people-literate technology. In this trend, the traditional idea of a computer evolves from a single point of interaction to include multisensory and multitouchpoint interfaces like wearables and advanced computer sensors.

For example, Domino’s Pizza created an experience beyond app-based ordering that includes autonomous vehicles, a pizza tracker and smart speaker communications.

In the future, this trend will become what’s called an ambient experience, but currently multiexperience focuses on immersive experiences that use augmented reality (AR), virtual (VR), mixed reality, multichannel human-machine interfaces and sensing technologies. The combination of these technologies can be used for a simple AR overlay or a fully immersive VR experience.

Trend No. 3: Democratization

Democratization of technology means providing people with easy access to technical or business expertise without extensive (and costly) training. It focuses on four key areas — application development, data and analytics, design and knowledge — and is often referred to as “citizen access,” which has led to the rise of citizen data scientists, citizen programmers and more.

For example, democratization would enable developers to generate data models without having the skills of a data scientist. They would instead rely on AI-driven development to generate code and automate testing.

(Video) Gartner Top Strategic Technology Trends for 2022

Trend No. 4: Human augmentation

Human augmentation is the use of technology to enhance a person’s cognitive and physical experiences.

Physical augmentation changes an inherent physical capability by implanting or hosting a technology within or on the body. For example, the automotive or mining industries use wearables to improve worker safety. In other industries, such as retail and travel, wearables are used to increase worker productivity.

Physical augmentation falls into four main categories: Sensory augmentation (hearing, vision, perception), appendage and biological function augmentation (exoskeletons, prosthetics), brain augmentation (implants to treat seizures) and genetic augmentation (somatic gene and cell therapy).

“ AI and ML are increasingly used to make decisions in place of humans”

Cognitive augmentation enhances a human’s ability to think and make better decisions, for example, exploiting information and applications to enhance learning or new experiences. Cognitive augmentation also includes some technology in the brain augmentation category as they are physical implants that deal with cognitive reasoning.

Human augmentation carries a range of cultural and ethical implications. For example, using CRISPR technologies to augment genes has significant ethical implications.

Trend No. 5: Transparency and traceability

The evolution of technology is creating a trust crisis. As consumers become more aware of how their data is being collected and used, organizations are also recognizing the increasing liability of storing and gathering the data.

Additionally, AI and ML are increasingly used to make decisions in place of humans, evolving the trust crisis and driving the need for ideas like explainable AI and AI governance.

This trend requires a focus on six key elements of trust: Ethics, integrity, openness, accountability, competence and consistency.

Legislation, like the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), is being enacted around the world, driving evolution and laying the ground rules for organizations.

Trend No. 6: The empowered edge

Edge computing is a topology where information processing and content collection and delivery are placed closer to the sources of the information, with the idea that keeping traffic local and distributed will reduce latency. This includes all the technology on the Internet of Things (IoT). Empowered edge looks at how these devices are increasing and forming the foundations for smart spaces, and moves key applications and services closer to the people and devices that use them.

(Video) Gartner Top Strategic Technology Trends for 2021

By 2023, there could be more than 20 times as many smart devices at the edge of the network as in conventional IT roles.

Trend No. 7: The distributed cloud

Distributed cloud refers to the distribution of public cloud services to locations outside the cloud provider’s physical data centers, but which are still controlled by the provider. In distributed cloud, the cloud provider is responsible for all aspects of cloud service architecture, delivery, operations, governance and updates. The evolution from centralized public cloud to distributed public cloud ushers in a new era of cloud computing.

Distributed cloud allows data centers to be located anywhere. This solves both technical issues like latency and also regulatory challenges like data sovereignty. It also offers the benefits of a public cloud service alongside the benefits of a private, local cloud.

Trend No. 8: Autonomous things

Autonomous things, which include drones, robots, ships and appliances, exploit AI to perform tasks usually done by humans. This technology operates on a spectrum of intelligence ranging from semiautonomous to fully autonomous and across a variety of environments including air, sea and land.

While currently autonomous things mainly exist in controlled environments, like in a mine or warehouse, they will eventually evolve to include open public spaces. Autonomous things will also move from stand-alone to collaborative swarms, such as the drone swarms used during the Winter Olympic Games in 2018.

However, autonomous things cannot replace the human brain and operate most effectively with a narrowly defined, well-scoped purpose.

Read more: Human Beings, AI and Robotics Represent the New Workforce in 2028

Trend No. 9: Practical blockchain

Blockchain is a type of distributed ledger, an expanding chronologically ordered list of cryptographically signed, irrevocable transactional records shared by all participants in a network.

Blockchain also allows parties to trace assets back to their origin, which is beneficial for traditional assets, but also paves the way for other uses such as tracing food-borne illnesses back to the original supplier. It also allows two or more parties who don’t know each other to safely interact in a digital environment and exchange value without the need for a centralized authority.

The complete blockchain model includes five elements: A shared and distributed ledger, immutable and traceable ledger, encryption, tokenization and a distributed public consensus mechanism. However, blockchain remains immature for enterprise deployments due to a range of technical issues including poor scalability and interoperability.

(Video) Gartner Top 10 Strategic Technology Trends 2018

“ Blockchain, which is already appearing in experimental and small-scope projects, will be fully scalable by 2023”

Enterprise blockchains today take a practical approach and implement only some of the elements of a complete blockchain by making the ledger independent of individual applications and participants and replicating the ledger across a distributed network to create an authoritative record of significant events. Everyone with permissioned access sees the same information, and integration is simplified by having a single shared blockchain. Consensus is handled through more traditional private models.

In the future, true blockchain or “blockchain complete” will have the potential to transform industries, and eventually the economy, as complementary technologies such as AI and the IoT begin to integrate alongside blockchain. This expands the type of participants to include machines, which will be able to exchange a variety of assets — from money to real estate. For example, a car would be able to negotiate insurance prices directly with the insurance company based on data gathered by its sensors.

Watch now: The Gartner CIO Leadership Vision for 2022

Blockchain, which is already appearing in experimental and small-scope projects, will be fully scalable by 2023.

Trend No. 10: AI security

Evolving technologies such as hyperautomation and autonomous things offer transformational opportunities in the business world. However, they also create security vulnerabilities in new potential points of attack. Security teams must address these challenges and be aware of how AI will impact the security space.

AI security has three key perspectives:

  1. Protecting AI-powered systems: Securing AI training data, training pipelines and ML models.
  2. Leveraging AI to enhance security defense: Using ML to understand patterns, uncover attacks and automate parts of the cybersecurity processes.
  3. Anticipating nefarious use of AI by attackers: Identifying attacks and defending against them.

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(Video) Gartner Top 10 Strategic Technology Trends 2021 - Behind the Scenes

Top 10 Strategic Technology Trends for 2020by David Cearley et al.

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FAQs

What technology is trend in 2020? ›

These advanced technologies encompass artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML), robotic process automation (RPA) and advanced analytics. Hyperautomation may sometimes be thought to be synonymous with automation. The two are related but are not the same.

What Gartner is in technologies? ›

Gartner is an information technology (IT) research and consultancy company, formerly known as Gartner Group. Gartner's corporate divisions include Research, Executive Programs, Consulting and Events. The company's two main data visualization and analysis tools are Gartner Magic Quadrants and the hype cycle.

What technology is trending right now? ›

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a trending technology that takes first place in the list of top 10 latest technologies in computer science of 2021. AI technology involves machine intelligence, which is as smart and intelligent as the human brain and reacts like humans.

Which technologies will dominate in 2022? ›

Genomics, gene editing, and synthetic biology are a top trend of 2022 because these advancements can help us modify crops, cure and eradicate diseases, develop new vaccines like the COVID-19 shot, and other medical and biological breakthroughs.

What is the future of technology 2022? ›

By 2022, multicore will be everywhere, from wearable systems and smartphones to cameras, games, automobiles, cloud servers, and exa-scale supercomputers. Silicon photonics will be a fundamental technology to address the bandwidth, latency, and energy challenges in the fabric of high-end systems.

What is Gartner hype cycle of emerging technologies? ›

The Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies is unique among Gartner Hype Cycles because it identifies key insights from more than 2,000 technologies and applied frameworks that Gartner profiles each year into a succinct set of “must-know” emerging technologies and trends.

What is the latest technology in software development? ›

Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning

Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning are often discussed interchangeably, but in reality, Machine Learning is a subset of AI. While AI might seem like science fiction to many people, it is one of the fastest-growing software development trends.

What is a new technology? ›

any form of technology which is more advanced or automated relative to that which preceded it in a given social context. The term is normally used to refer to information and communications technologies based upon microelectronics.

What are the top 3 technologies that you are focusing on implementing in 2020 21? ›

  • Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning (AI & ML) Artificial intelligence has had a great impact among the top technological developments, and for quite a few years, too. ...
  • Internet of Things (IOT) ...
  • 5G. ...
  • Automation. ...
  • Blockchain. ...
  • Cyber Security. ...
  • Voice Technology. ...
  • Edge Computing.
21 Jan 2022

What are 5 emerging technology? ›

Emerging technologies include a variety of technologies such as educational technology, information technology, nanotechnology, biotechnology, robotics, and artificial intelligence.

What are the five 5 characteristics of emerging technology? ›

The resulting definition identifies five attributes that feature in the emergence of novel technologies. These are: (i) radical novelty, (ii) relatively fast growth, (iii) coherence, (iv) prominent impact, and (v) uncertainty and ambiguity.

What are the top 2022 trends? ›

The Fall 2022 Trends Vogue Editors Are Shopping Now
  • Ultra-Baggy Denim. Balenciaga cotton baggy jeans. ...
  • Leather Jackets: The Epitome of Cool. ...
  • Punk Prep. ...
  • Saturated and Strokable Knits. ...
  • Bigger, Better Bomber Jackets. ...
  • The White-Tank-and-Blue-Jean Formula. ...
  • Floor-Skimming Hemlines. ...
  • Tailored Waistcoats.
19 Aug 2022

Which country is No 1 in technology? ›

By this measure the United States is the undisputed leader, as it is the home of the world's biggest technology companies.

Which IT technology is most in demand in future? ›

Here is the list of the most in-demand and trending tech skills that will offer you a successful career:
  • Data Science.
  • Cloud Computing.
  • Artificial Intelligence.
  • DevOps.
  • Blockchain.
  • RPA (Robotic Process Automation)
  • Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR)
  • Cybersecurity.
5 days ago

What technology will change the future? ›

Trend 1: Ubiquitous computing

Looking ahead, probably the next big leap in computing power will come from quantum computers – computers that are so fast and powerful, they could be used to complete new, previously impossible tasks that traditional computers aren't capable of.

What are the next big technologies? ›

Three classes of emerging tech are poised to transform every aspect of business in the next decade: quantum technologies, exponential intelligence, and ambient computing. These field notes from the future can give business leaders a strategic view of the decade ahead to help them engineer a technology-forward future.

What are the future trends? ›

Future trends such as climate change, new mobility, and digitalization are major challenges: They will shape our future life and make it unequivocally clear to us that a fresh way of thinking will be inescapable in many fields.

Who will rule the world in 2025? ›

According to a recent report by Harvard University, “From economic complexity growth estimates, India is growing at the annual list at the rate of 7.9 percent as the fastest growing country for the coming decade.

What is Metaverse technology? ›

Metaverse is a graphical and hypothetical iteration of that rich virtual space, with claims of reliability where people can work, play, shop, and socialise. All of this can be done without actually doing it in person. You won't just be on the internet but, 'in' the internet.

Which is best technology to learn for future? ›

Top 7 Trending Technologies to Learn In IT Industry – Must Learn...
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • Cybersecurity.
  • Blockchain.
  • Cloud Computing.
  • Data Science And Analytics.
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Full Stack Development.

What are the Top 10 Emerging Technologies 2021? ›

Top 10 Emerging Technologies of 2021
  • Decarbonization Rises.
  • Crops that Self-Fertillise.
  • Breath Sensors Diagnose Diseases.
  • On-Demand Drug Manufacturing.
  • Energy from Wireless Signals.
  • Engineering Better Ageing.
  • Green Ammonia.
  • Biomaker Devices Go Wireless.
19 Nov 2021

Which technology is most important? ›

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial intelligence is probably the most important and ground-breaking trend in technology today. The fact that we have created machines and systems that can think for themselves is truly astounding, and the trend shows no signs of slowing down.

What are the five components of Gartner's hype cycle? ›

Five phases
No.Phase
1Technology Trigger
2Peak of Inflated Expectations
3Trough of Disillusionment
4Slope of Enlightenment
1 more row

Why is Gartner Hype Cycle important? ›

Gartner Hype Cycles provide a graphic representation of the maturity and adoption of technologies and applications, and how they are potentially relevant to solving real business problems and exploiting new opportunities.

What is the most popular software in 2021? ›

The Top 100 Software Companies of 2021
  1. Microsoft. Category: Business Solutions. ...
  2. Adobe. Category: Publishing. ...
  3. ServiceNow. Category: Workflow Solutions. ...
  4. Dropbox. Category: Cloud Storage and Management. ...
  5. IFS. Category: Enterprise Software. ...
  6. Guidewire. Category: Insurance Platform. ...
  7. Cornerstone. ...
  8. Secureworks.
12 Jul 2021

What is the future of software? ›

Future of Software Engineers

The US Bureau of Labor Statistics shows that demand for software engineers may increase to 22% by 2029. In the Covid 19 situation, more than 4.7 million software developers were working remotely. So, the demand was still on during the pandemic situation.

What is the best technology to learn in 2021? ›

The most in demand tech skills for 2021
  • Cybersecurity. ...
  • Cloud Computing. ...
  • DevOps. ...
  • AI & Machine Learning. ...
  • Augmented Reality (AR) & Virtual Reality (VR) ...
  • Development. ...
  • Blockchain.

What are the 5 examples of technology? ›

Below are some examples of more modern communication technologies:
  • Television. Television sets transmit signals over which we can listen to and view audio and visual content. ...
  • Internet. ...
  • Cell phones. ...
  • Computers. ...
  • Circuitry. ...
  • Artificial intelligence. ...
  • Software. ...
  • Audio and visual technology.

Who is father of technology? ›

Thomas Edison, American inventor who, singly or jointly, held a world-record 1,093 patents. In addition, he created the world's first industrial research laboratory. Edison was the quintessential American...

What is Gartner top strategic technology trends for 2021? ›

Distributed cloud, AI engineering, cybersecurity mesh and composable business drive some of the top trends for 2021.

What are the biggest trends of 2021? ›

I believe every business around the world needs to be ready for these trends.
  • Automation. ...
  • Decentralized Finance. ...
  • Virtual Interfaces. ...
  • Going from Global to Local. ...
  • Purposeful & Meaningful. ...
  • Sustainability. ...
  • Social Engagement. ...
  • Where to go from here.

What is the difference between technology and emerging technology? ›

Emerging technology is a term generally used to describe a new technology, but it may also refer to the continuing development of an existing technology; it can have slightly different meaning when used in different areas, such as media, business, science, or education.

What is the main role of emerging technology? ›

Emerging technologies play a vital role in the modernization of industries. New technologies help in transforming enterprises into a digital world. This technology is mainly helpful in manufacturing, energy and mobility markets.

What is an example of a new technology? ›

Examples of such new technologies include carbon capture and storage systems, more efficient irrigation methods, essential medicines, household water purification devices, and manufacturing processes that minimize waste and pollution.

What is a new technology? ›

any form of technology which is more advanced or automated relative to that which preceded it in a given social context. The term is normally used to refer to information and communications technologies based upon microelectronics.

What is the most important technology in society today? ›

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial intelligence is probably the most important and ground-breaking trend in technology today. The fact that we have created machines and systems that can think for themselves is truly astounding, and the trend shows no signs of slowing down.

Which technology will be in demand in future? ›

Here is the list of the most in-demand and trending tech skills that will offer you a successful career: Data Science. Cloud Computing. Artificial Intelligence.

What are 5 emerging technology? ›

Emerging technologies include a variety of technologies such as educational technology, information technology, nanotechnology, biotechnology, robotics, and artificial intelligence.

What are the Top 10 Emerging Technologies 2021? ›

Top 10 Emerging Technologies of 2021
  • Decarbonization Rises.
  • Crops that Self-Fertillise.
  • Breath Sensors Diagnose Diseases.
  • On-Demand Drug Manufacturing.
  • Energy from Wireless Signals.
  • Engineering Better Ageing.
  • Green Ammonia.
  • Biomaker Devices Go Wireless.
19 Nov 2021

What is the latest technology in 2022? ›

In 2022, AI will become even more ubiquitous with natural language processing and machine learning advances. This will enable AI to understand us better and carry out more complex tasks. 5G is the next generation of mobile network technology, which is set to transform how we live and work.

What are the five 5 characteristics of emerging technology? ›

The resulting definition identifies five attributes that feature in the emergence of novel technologies. These are: (i) radical novelty, (ii) relatively fast growth, (iii) coherence, (iv) prominent impact, and (v) uncertainty and ambiguity.

What are the 5 examples of technology? ›

Below are some examples of more modern communication technologies:
  • Television. Television sets transmit signals over which we can listen to and view audio and visual content. ...
  • Internet. ...
  • Cell phones. ...
  • Computers. ...
  • Circuitry. ...
  • Artificial intelligence. ...
  • Software. ...
  • Audio and visual technology.

What technology will change the future? ›

Trend 1: Ubiquitous computing

Looking ahead, probably the next big leap in computing power will come from quantum computers – computers that are so fast and powerful, they could be used to complete new, previously impossible tasks that traditional computers aren't capable of.

Which technologies will dominate in 2022? ›

Genomics, gene editing, and synthetic biology are a top trend of 2022 because these advancements can help us modify crops, cure and eradicate diseases, develop new vaccines like the COVID-19 shot, and other medical and biological breakthroughs.

What are the 8 areas of technology? ›

We called those with the most potential the Essential Eight. They include: artificial intelligence (AI), augmented reality (AR), blockchain, drones, Internet of Things (IoT), robotics, 3D printing and virtual reality (VR).

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